This lesson is aimed at introducing students to the different stages of physical growth and development in human beings from birth to 6 years of age.
In these lessons, students become familiar with the four key periods of growth and human development: infancy (birth to 2 years old), early childhood (3 to 4 years old), middle childhood (4 to 6 years old).
For each stage of development, they learn about key physical stages or milestones, which are research and science-supported indicators that help to track the progress of a child's physical development at different stages of life. Conversely, they also learn that it is very natural and normal for children to reach these markers at different times.
Growth Stages 1: (1-3)
This course helps students become better aware of all of the natural physical stages of growth children experience in the first two years of life.
Movement: Random movements become coordinated and controlled: grasping. touching, turning, balancing, crawling, walking. (birth - 1)
Order: This sensitive period is characterized by a desire for consistency and repetition. A passionate love for established routines, children can be deeply disturbed by disorder. The environment must be carefully organized with a place for everything and with carefully established ground-rules. (ages 1–3)
Growth Stages 2: Early childhood (3-4)
Small Objects: Children experience a fixation on small objects and tiny details. (ages 3- 4)
Writing: Children become fascinated with letters and numerals. They attempt to reproduce these with pencil or pen and paper. Montessori discovered that writing precedes reading. (ages 3- 4)
Expressive Language: Use of words to communicate: a progression from babbling to words to phrases to sentences, with a continuously expanding vocabulary and comprehension. (ages 3 - 4)
Music: Spontaneous interest in, and the development of, pitch, rhythm, and melody. (ages 3 - 4)
Refinement of the Senses: A fascination with sensorial experiences (taste, sound, touch, weight, smell) results in children learning to observe and make increasingly refined sensorial discriminations. (ages 3- 4)
Growth Stages 3: Early childhood (4-6)
Research shows that films and stories about early stages of human development fascinate children and they are particularly intrigued by comparisons of themselves now and earlier.（ages 4-6）
Reading: Spontaneous interest in the symbolic representations of the sounds of each letter and in the formation of words. (4- 5)
Grace and Courtesy: Imitation of polite and considerate behavior leads to an internalization of these qualities into the personality. (4- 6)
Spatial Relationships: Forming impressions about relationships in space: the design of familiar places, able to find the way around the neighbourhood, and increasingly able to work complex puzzles. (4 - 6)
Mathematics: Formation of the concepts of quantity and operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) from the uses of concrete learning materials. (4 to 6)